Nov 21, 2023

Operation Choke Point 2.0: Is P2P Trading The Answer To Regulatory Pressure?

the impact of regulatory crackdowns on exchanges and how peer-to-peer trading could be the future

Operation Choke Point 2.0: Is P2P Trading The Answer To Regulatory Pressure?

In response to increasing regulatory pressure and speculation of "Operation Choke Point 2.0" concerns are growing about the potential impact on crypto exchanges. By targeting the fiat on- and off-ramps that exchanges rely on, regulators are making it increasingly difficult for them to operate. In this climate of uncertainty, peer-to-peer (P2P) trading is emerging as a potential alternative, allowing individuals to bypass traditional banking services and trade cryptocurrencies directly with each other. In this article, we will explore the implications of Operation Choke Point 2.0 on cryptocurrency exchanges and discuss how P2P trading could become the future of bitcoin trading.

As Nic Carter explained in an explosive guest post on the pirate wires sub stack; Operation Choke Point 2.0 is an effort by the Biden administration and financial regulators to crack down on the crypto industry by targeting the fiat on- and off-ramps that the industry relies on. Unlike the original Choke Point, this new version is more transparent and formal, using rulemaking, written guidance, and blogs as its tools. It labels crypto-facing banks as "high risk" and imposes serious business hurdles on them. In response, some people may turn to peer-to-peer (P2P) exchanges as an alternative to traditional banking services for their crypto transactions, as P2P platforms allow them to bypass banks and trade directly with one another. However, this shift could potentially increase risk by pushing activity towards less regulated and less sophisticated jurisdictions.

What's the appeal of P2P exchanges?

Enhanced Privacy

P2P bitcoin exchanges provide a higher degree of privacy for users by minimizing the amount of personal information required to set up an account. Unlike centralized exchanges that often mandate KYC (Know Your Customer) and AML (Anti-Money Laundering) compliance, P2P exchanges typically allow users to trade without revealing their identity. This anonymity is particularly appealing to those who prioritize financial privacy and want to avoid the watchful eye of governments and other third parties.

Global Accessibility

P2P bitcoin exchanges can be accessed by anyone with an internet connection, regardless of their geographic location or the local regulations in place. This makes them particularly attractive for users in countries with strict financial regulations, capital controls, or limited access to traditional exchanges. Additionally, P2P exchanges enable people from different countries to trade with each other directly, fostering cross-border transactions and global financial inclusion.

Flexibility in Payment Methods

P2P exchanges often provide users with a wide variety of payment options, ranging from bank transfers and credit cards to more unconventional methods like gift cards or in-person cash transactions. This flexibility allows users to choose the payment method that best suits their needs, preferences, and risk tolerance.

Enhanced Control and Autonomy

Users have more control over their assets when using P2P bitcoin exchanges, as they do not need to deposit funds into an exchange wallet or trust a third party to handle their transactions. Instead, users retain control of their private keys and transact directly with their trading partners, reducing the risk of hacks or exit scams that can occur on centralized platforms.

Community and Trust

Many P2P bitcoin exchanges foster a sense of community by incorporating reputation systems and user reviews. These features enable users to evaluate the trustworthiness of their trading partners based on past experiences and feedback from other users. This peer-review system encourages fair and honest transactions, as users with poor reputations may struggle to find willing trading partners.

Customizable Trading Experience

P2P exchanges often allow users to create customized trade offers, setting their own terms, such as desired exchange rates, payment methods, and trade limits. This flexibility enables users to tailor their trading experience to their individual preferences and risk tolerance levels.

Examples of P2P Bitcoin Exchanges


HodlHodl is a global P2P bitcoin exchange that allows users to trade directly with one another without holding their funds. It utilizes a 2-of-3 multi-signature escrow system, with the platform acting as an arbitrator in case of disputes. With an average rating of 4.5 on Apollo, Hodhodl has been praised by users for its responsive support team and the ability to buy without KYC.


Bisq is an open-source, decentralized P2P exchange that operates on a software client rather than a website. It  offers strong privacy features, such as end-to-end encrypted communication between traders and a Tor-based network. With an average rating of 4.4 on Apollo, Bisq is praised for its security (14 tags), but users also note that it can be difficult to use (7 tags), especially for those new to the bitcoin space.


Peach is a relatively new P2P exchange platform, offering users a simple and user-friendly interface for trading bitcoin. It boasts a range of features, such as an integrated wallet, multi-signature escrow, and a reputation system to help users gauge the trustworthiness of their trading partners. With an average rating of 4.2 on Apollo, Peach has been praised for its simplicity, as evidenced by the tags "simple to use" (5) and "for beginners" (3).


RoboSats is a P2P bitcoin exchange that focuses on providing a seamless experience for both novice and experienced traders. It features an intuitive interface, robust security measures, and a variety of trading options, making it an attractive option for those looking to trade bitcoin. With an average rating of 4.3 on Apollo, users commend Robosats for its security (8 tags).


In summary, the appeal of P2P bitcoin exchanges lies in their ability to offer users a more private, secure, and flexible trading experience compared to traditional exchanges. These platforms empower users with greater control over their assets and provide access to a global network of trading partners, fostering financial inclusion and autonomy. Whether or not traditional exchanges face bans in the future, P2P exchanges will continue to attract users who value privacy, censorship resistance, and the ability to trade directly with their peers.